あ:houses

08/14/2017

About the Yayoi period rice farming, bronze products, ironware, earthenware, storehouse

In the late Jomon period※1,, about 2700 years ago, rice farming at paddy fields was started in northern Kyusyu region.

Around the same time, it is considered that metal ware made of bronze was introduced to Japan from the Continent. Bronze bells, bronze swords and bronze pikes were produced in those days. These bronze products were very heavy; therefore it is thought these were used for rituals. Around the 6th century BC, people started practical use of ironware, such as farm tools, implements and arms.

In this period, thin strong earthenware without straw rope patterns was created. The type of earthenware was first discovered at Yayoi-town in Tokyo. Therefore, the type of earthenware was named the Yayoi earthenware and the period is called the Yayoi period※2.

Yayoi_earthenware_2

Around the 4th century BC, the Yayoi culture based on rice farming was formed in western Japan and it expanded to eastern Japan.

When people started rice farming, they needed storehouses to preserve the crops. Then they built storehouses having floors that were raised above the ground. The pillars under the floors had boards that prevented mice from entering the storehouses.

※1 the Jomon period ranged over from around 12,000 B.C. to around 400 B.C.

※2 the Yayoi period ranged from around 400 B.C. to around 300 A.D.

◎This photo was taken at The Nerima Furusato museum.

08/10/2017

houses and communities in the Jomon period

As people in the Jomon period※ became able to get food in various ways, their lives became stable and then they built houses and started to settle down on sunny hills near watersides.  Their houses were pit-dwelling style. They dug the ground and put a roof over it and there was a fire place at the center of the house. It is considered that a family lived in a house and cooked and had meals together. 

Syuraku Tateana

At many ruins of the Jomon period, you can see remains of several houses arranged in a circle around an open space. They also built warehouses and graves. Therefore, it is considered that they created a small village with about 5 families as the basic unit of the communities in the Jomon period. It is thought that the gap between rich people and poor people was very little in those days, because their houses and graves were almost the same size.

 

 

※1 the Jomon period ranged from around 12,000 B.C. to around 400 B.C.

◎These photos were taken at The Nishitokyo-city hometown museum.

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  • Hi there! I'm Lala. I'm a Japanese living in Tokyo. I'm an English speaking licensed guide and authorized tour conductor. If you have questions, please leave comments on this blog or send me e-mails. lalalamumin☆yahoo.co.jp (please replace ☆ with @ when you send me e-mails)

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