« About heavy burden on farmers in the 8th century | Main | About Rich farmers and poor farmers in the 8th century »

06/23/2018

About the Development of new rice-fields in the 8th century

The Imperial Court planned a large-scale-development of new rice-fields in 722.
 
In those days, the population was increasing, so the Court needed more rice-fields to allocate all people who were over 6 years old. In addition, the Court also wanted to increase tax revenue.
 
In 723, the Sanze-Isshin-Law was enacted. The law allowed people to own land for a certain period of time, if they developed new rice-fields. If a person developed both new irrigation facilities and new rice-fields, the person and the person’s children and grandchildren were allowed to own the land.
If a person developed only new rice-fields, the person was allowed to own the rice-fields and when he passed away, his rice-fields were given back to the Court.
 
However, the law was not so effective, because people felt that the period which they could own the rice-fields was too short, because that people didn’t live very long in those days.
 
And then the Konden-Einen-Shizai-Law was enacted in 743. This allowed people to own rice-fields which they developed forever. The original aim of this law was to develop more rice-fields which could be managed by the Court, but the law prompted rich people such as nobles, temples and local lords to expand their private rice-fields. For example, great temples like Todaiji-temple clamed vast plains. The development of temples was supported by local governments and these temples used neighboring farmers and homeless people to build irrigation facilities and for land cultivation.

« About heavy burden on farmers in the 8th century | Main | About Rich farmers and poor farmers in the 8th century »

携帯・デジカメ」カテゴリの記事

旅行・地域」カテゴリの記事

あ:food」カテゴリの記事

あ:social system」カテゴリの記事

1:the 8th century」カテゴリの記事

2:the Nara period」カテゴリの記事

あ:agriculture」カテゴリの記事

Comments

The comments to this entry are closed.

2020年7月
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
My Photo

About me

  • Hi there! I'm Lala. I'm a Japanese living in Tokyo. I'm an English speaking licensed guide and authorized tour conductor. If you have questions, please leave comments on this blog or send me e-mails. lalalamumin☆yahoo.co.jp (please replace ☆ with @ when you send me e-mails)

Copy right

  • Copyright (C) 2007-2017 Trip to Japan's history All Rights Reserved.

Recent Comments

無料ブログはココログ