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06/21/2018

About heavy burden on farmers in the 8th century

Farmers cultivated not only rice-fields which were allocated by the government but also rice-fields owned by the government, temples or nobles.
 
Basically, farmers were lent these rice-fields for 1 year and paid 20% of the crops to the owners as the rental-fee.
 
In addition, farmers had to serve in the army and be engaged in government assigned work for about 60 days a year without pay.
 
Moreover, adult males also had to submit special products of the district such as silk, fabrics or thread to the Court and they had to deliver these products to the capital themselves.
 
In addition, they were often suffering due to famine because of bad weather or insect plagues.
 
Therefore, farmers' lives were very severe, though local governments created policies to encourage agriculture.

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