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10/20/2017

About family registry system called Koseki in the 8th century

Under the Ritsuryo-code which showed criminal laws and the regulations about the governmental organization, people were registered in a book called Koseki, as members who belonged to a taxation unit called a Ko. Each householder was the leader of a Ko and each Ko was composed of about 25 members, which included family members and their servants.

 

Rice-fields were given by the Court to people who were over 6 years old and taxes were imposed on the rice-fields. People were allowed to own their houses and the land around their houses, but they didn’t have the right to sell the rice-fields. When a person died, the rice fields that he or she had were taken back to the Court when Koseki was renewed. Koseki was renewed every 6 years.

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