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08/16/2017

food and community in the Yayoi period

In the Jomon period※1, people ate meat and fish and people seemed generally equal.

However, the difference between people appeared in the Yayoi period※2. When people started planting rice which could be preserved. Some people had good farming skills and could store a lot of crops but other people couldn't.

In addition, when people planted rice, they had to work cooperatively, so they needed a leader of their group. This caused differences in social positions between them.

Furthermore, shamans became powerful because they were believed to be able to predict good or bad harvest of the crop.

Little by little, small villages were formed. These were combined and then became provinces. Some provinces became big and powerful.  Leaders of these big provinces were called Kings.

Yayoi_earthenware1

Yayoi earthenware

 

※1 the Jomon period ranged from around 12,000 B.C. to around 400 B.C.

※2 the Yayoi period ranged from around 400 B.C. to around 300 A.D.

This photo was taken in the Nerima Furusato museum.

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