N: histrical figures


about Yorifusa Tokugawa, Koishikawa Korakuen in Tokyo Japan

Yorifusa Tokugawa (1603-1661)


Yorifusa Tokugawa was the founder of Koishikawa Korakuen.Yorifusa was the first Mito clan ruler in the Tokugawa government.

He was the 11th son of Ieyasu Tokugawa,who was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.When his father Ieyasu was 62 years old, Yorifusa was born. Yorifusa was a wild kid, but Ieyasu loved the boy very much.When Yorifusa was 7 years old, Ieyasu decided that Yorifusa was the first ruler of the Mito clan which was one of the most important clans for the Tokugawa shogunate.In addition, Ieyasu ordered that the ruler of Mito clan had always to stay in Edo and support Tokugawa shogun.Therefore a chief counselor of a federal lord stayed in Mito and managed the clan.


The third shogun Iemitsu Tokugawa and Yorifusa had a good relationship.Yorifusa was an uncle of shogun Iemitsu,but he was only three years older than the nephew.Therefore Iemitsu talked about many things to Yorifusa and Yorifusa supported him well.As a matter of fact, the third shogun advised Yorifusa a lot when he built this garden, Koishikawa Korakuen.

Yorifusa not only had high skills in the martial arts but also was interested in studying Japanese classical literature, Confucianism and theology.Although Yorifusa was a close relative of Tokugawa shogun, he much respected the Emperor.


Yorifusa worked to improve water management systems in the Mito clan,such as improving the environment of the Senba lake to prevent flood damage and building water supply systems for people.He established a solid base for managing the Mito clan.


He passed away when he was 59 years old.He was enshrined as a god in Mito Toshogu with his father Ieyasu.

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