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11/17/2013

Tokujin-do Koishikawa Korakuen in Tokyo Japan

"Tokujin do" was built for enshrining statues of ancient Chinese Confucian scholars.

When Mitsukuni Tokugawa, the second lord of the Mito clan, was 18 years old,

he read the "Hakui Retsuden" story from the Chinese historical work called "Shiki".

He was deeply impressed with  the life of the great brothers in the story.

Therefore he decided to enshrine their wooden statues in this building.

The building's name comes from a Confucian idea from the story.

"Tokujin" means that the brothers searched for "humanity and justice",

and then they obtained it.

Tokujin

Out line of "Hakui Retsuden"

Hakui and his younger brother Shukusei were in Kochiku in China over 3000 years ago.

Their father, the lord of Kochiku, decided that Shukusei should become the next lord of the country.

After their father passed away, Shukusei tried to hand over the status of the lord to Hakui, because it was common that the oldest son succeeded the lord.

However, Hakui respected his father's will, so that he didn't accept the offer and left the country.

Then Shukusei also left the country.

Therefore people of the country accepted another brother of Hakui and Shukusei

as the ruler afterwards.

After that, Hakui and Shukusei went toward Shu,

because they heard that the lord, Bun-o, was great.

However, when they arrived at Shu, the lord passed away.

The lord's son, Bu-o was about to go to kill king of Yin.

The brothers tried to stop him,

because it was wrong to kill king during mourning period of his father's death.

Nevertheless, Bu-o didn't listen to the brothers' admonition, he killed king of Yin.

 

Although Bu-o asked the brothers to work for him,

the brothers didn't accept the offer, and lived on a mountain.

 

After a while, the brothers died from starving.

People admire the brothers' modesty and their faith.

↓The wooden statues

Tokujindo1

The reason why Mitsukuni was deeply impressed with the story.

Mitsukuni was also not the oldest son.

However, his father, Yorifusa, decided that

Mitsukuni was the heir of Yorifusa, when Mitsukuni was 6 years old.

He was confused by the decision, because his oldest brother was smart and well esteemed.

Little by little, he became skeptical against his father and behaved like a bad boy.

When Mitsukuni was 18 years old, he read the story about Hakui and Shukusei,

he realized how great the brothers were.

He was ashamed of his past behavior.

After that he studied a lot and became modest.

Trees

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